What is ‘Target/Target 21’?
The Target/Target 21 – sometimes also known as T.a.R.G.E.T. – strategy is a blackjack gameplay strategy devised by Jerry Patterson and Eddie Olsen. This system is a non-counting method and originally aimed to combat the constricting new rules of blackjack introduced in the 1980s.
‘Target/Target 21’ Explained
Jerry Patterson and Eddie Olsen created and coined Target/Target 21 as a blackjack strategy to respond to limiting new rules introduced to the game during the early 1980s. The Target/Target 21 system is a non-counting method that was said to have absolutely no scientific or mathematic standing, and it was soon dismissed and abandoned by all seasoned and respected blackjack players.
Before it was abandoned, however, the Target/Target 21 method did cause a good deal of controversy among blackjack players, essentially splitting them down the middle into “traditional players” and “new era players”, as referred to by Patterson himself.
In practice, the Target/Target 21 system dictates that the player considers several factors that vary in terms of importance. This includes selecting a table to play at and deciding whether to continue gameplay or leave the game.
It is thought that much of Patterson’s theory is based on myth with no scientific or mathematic relevance to blackjack whatsoever, which is the main reason for its dismissal by many revered players of blackjack. It is noted, however, that Patterson’s logic had the correct basic premise: firstly, that cards are not erratically arranged during any given shuffle; secondly, that small clumps of cards may cause losses and wins to stick together instead of being evenly distributed across players; and thirdly, that successful hands signal a winning streak whereas unsuccessful hands point to a losing streak.
In a nutshell, the user of the Target/Target 21 strategy need simply depend on Patterson’s theory that losses and wins are “streakier” (namely, occurring in small clumps as opposed to scattered through the game and across players) in blackjack as opposed to other casino-based games. Patterson and Olsen believed that the successful employment of the Target/Target 21 system could bring significant wins just by riding these clumpy streaks of wins.