What is a ‘Stallion’?
A stallion is the name given to an adult male horse who is capable of breeding and often used for this purpose. Stallions are also desirable as race horses. The term stallion usually implies a purebred or thoroughbred horse, though it can be applied to any male of the horse species which has not been castrated. A castrated male is a gelding and a female is a mare.
In horse racing, there is a lot of emphasis on the background and history of the horses being run – in particular their family line and their level of pedigree. Race horses are extremely desirable animals which can sell for tens of thousands of pounds, and the best horses can earn millions in horse racing prizes – making them a very popular investment. Having horses which can be bred from, or using other horses to grow a family line, can add a lot of value to a race horse investment.
A stallion is a male horse which has reached adulthood and is sexually mature. Stallions are not castrated, so they are capable of passing their bloodline to a new generation. Stallions are often raised in stud farms or breeding programs, and they are sometimes lent or hired to stables who have eligible mares ready to conceive. Purebred and thoroughbred stallions can be bred several times a year, in order to keep the best racing bloodlines going.
Stallions are also very desirable as race horses, because they have a lot of strength and power – though they often lack the speed of the geldings and mares due to a heavier weight overall, and they can be more aggressive and unpredictable. They tend to be harder to train and control, but have the additional power required to get over the finish line in a tightly run race.