What are ‘Dice’?
Dice (singular, die) are small objects with several positions of rest that can be thrown to generate random numbers. Traditionally, dice are cubes featuring six faces. Each face displays several different dots or pips signifying the numbers one to six. They are commonly used for the popular dice game craps, where wagers are placed by players on the outcome of one roll or a consecutive series of rolls.
When dice are ‘rolled’, they are thrown from a player’s hand, or a container such as a dice cup. The die side that lands face up when it fully comes to rest signifies the throw’s value. In craps, wagers are placed on the combined total value of the two dice that are thrown.
The person taking their turn to roll the dice is known as the ‘shooter’. Bets are made by placing chips directly on to clearly marked sections of the craps table. Often, the shooter will be offered five dice to choose from by the base dealer, before selecting two dice to roll.
Dice rolls are made random by an almost infinite number of minor factors. This could be something as simple as the unique movement of an individual player’s hand, or the height from which they are dropped, making dice a simple form of random number generator.
Casinos will often use precision dice featuring pip markings that are flush. The pips are precision drilled before being filled with paint of a matching density to the original dice material. This is so that each side of an individual die has an equal chance of landing face up due to the centre of gravity being as accurate as possible; negating the argument that more pips could add to the overall weight of one particular side.
Serial numbers may also be used on casino dice to ensure they are never substituted for ‘loaded’ dice. This also explains why they are often translucent or transparent, making tampering almost impossible.