What is a Croupier?
A “Croupier” is a person who works on a gambling table and assists or runs a game. It is usually the job of the croupier to distribute bets and payouts, as well as managing the general conduct of the players who are playing the table. Gambling establishments will generally employ a large number of croupiers, who will be trained to different levels and who will work on different tables and games.
The original definition of a croupier was a person who carried extra cash and stood behind a gambler, waiting to provide funds should the player need it during a game. Only later, once casinos had become mainstream, did the meaning of the word change to describe someone who was employed to work on gaming tables.
A Croupier must be trained to work on the different tables at a casino, and will only be promoted to the more complex casino games once they have worked on the easier games for some time. Croupiers usually begin by learning the simple casino card games – such as blackjack – or often roulette. Games such as craps – which has more complicated rules – are left to the experienced croupiers. Casinos start croupiers off working on these easy tables so that, should they make a mistake, they would not cost the casino too much revenue.
In some countries – particularly the United Kingdom and America – croupiers must apply for a particular “Gambling License” which allows them to deal at casinos. These licenses include financial checks – such as credit reports – as well as police background checks.
A croupier’s responsibilities will differ between countries, casinos and games but common tasks include exchanging cash for chips, paying out winning bets and collecting losing bets, dealing cards, conducting dice games – such as roulette – and opening and closing cash floats and game tables.