What is ‘Cheating’?
A player would gain an unfair advantage by breaking laws or rules either by interfering with the outcome of, or misrepresenting an event being wagered on.
When a boxer intentionally takes a dive in a fight, a casino using loaded dice or a roulette wheel that is rigged are all examples of cheating.
A bookmaker giving unrealistic praises about a certain horse in order to sell more bets is considered salesmanship as opposed to cheating, because you can inform yourself with the horse’s stats, as well as exercise skepticism before placing a bet on the horse. On the other hand, doping the horse is clearly cheating because of interference with an instrument of the event being wagered on.
Not all types of interference are considered cheating, for example, spending your money to support the health of a horse you have placed wagers on is not considered cheating, and neither is the improvement of morale of a sports team you are placing wagers on to win by cheering them on.
Interference is considered as cheating when it undermines a sporting competition, damages a participant, or modifies an instrument of the event or game. Another form of cheating and profiting through gambling involves betting against yourself and losing intentionally, which is known as throwing a game or taking a dive.
Knowing a secret or having information that is not public knowledge that is not used to determine the odds of a specific event may be perceived as cheating because it gives you a significant advantage, however using the knowledge is not considered as criminal deception in the world of gambling.
Techniques involving advantage play is not considered cheating according to the law, because players use mental, observational, or technical skills to determine their decision on when and how much to bet, with no interference of the instruments used in the game, and not breaking any of the game’s rules.
For example, card counting is a legitimate strategy using advantage play in blackjack and other card games. However, in almost all jurisdictions, casinos are allowed to ban customers believed to be using advantage play strategies from their premises, regardless of whether they are actually doing so. This practice is subject to judicial review, and both New Jersey and Nevada courts consider it to be illegal.
Cheating in casinos is a reference to the use of devices that interfere with the instruments of a game, which can also be electronic devices, chip fraud, or misrepresenting games, either through the actions of a player or the casino. The punishment for cheating depends on the circumstances and the jurisdiction in which the land-based casino operates. Under Nevada law, cheating in a casino is a felony.